Duben 2013

2014 Kia Cadenza

28. dubna 2013 v 5:19 Led ceiling light
It's a question we kept revisiting, repeatedly, during a couple of days with the all-new 2014 Kia Cadenza.
Because if you don't mind driving a car that tops $40k and has the Kia badge, the new Cadenza is a model that feels like a luxury car in almost every respect.

Styling is important, but only part of it. You need only look at Kia's last effort, the Amanti, to understand how far the brand has come with its styling in just a few model years. While the Amanti looked like an assemblage of cues borrowed from earlier luxury cars, the new 2014 Cadenza is representative of the brand's clean, Euro-chic look.

If you don't even remember the Amanti and just googled it, we're not surprised.

The Cadenza is far from forgettable. With the its stance, its proportions, its low-profile 19-inch alloys, and its LED taillights and HID headlamps, it all adds up to a car that could be mistaken for a rear-wheel-drive sport sedan. We think it's better-looking than its Hyundai Azera cousin, actually.

And the name is right; 'Cadenza' refers to the colorful solo that often bookends a concerto. And we feel that, with the brand's trajectory upward, this is a model that makes the refresh of an entire lineup complete.

Performance is possibly the only aspect of the Cadenza that might not be what's suggested at face value. It's essentially offered in a single driving flavor-and while it's not a wallflower it's not particularly punchy either.

Power and torque figures from its 3.3-liter all-aluminum, direct-injection V-6, at 293 horsepower and 255 pound-feet of torque are respectable for this kind of sedan. The engine doesn't spoil you with low-end torque the way that some other powerplants in this class do, so you need to use the rev range more than you might expect. Luckily, the transmission is quite eager to downshift (sometimes it's almost busy). The throttle also has a jumpy tip-in that could use an Eco mode-or a more linear throttle calibration befitting of its 'premium' presentation.

You won't find a Sport mode (or Eco mode), and there are no multi-mode steering or suspension settings. What it does include is a manual gate, along with steering-wheel paddle shifters, letting you make the call on what gear to be in. We like how it won't force a downshift, even at full throttle-great when you're on a tight set of uphill corners.

Kia calls the suspension sport-tuned, but it's hardly an edgy performer, or one that you'll want to take hauling down back roads. We took it out to some of our favorite ones, pitching it only moderately into corners, and the rebound damping produced an unsettling wallow out of tight, imperfectly surfaced corners (quick prescription: more rebound damping, please!). The steering is too light and numb, and the 3800-pound (as we tested it) Cadenza isn't one that does well with quick back-and-forth transitions or tight hairpins.

The only thing that might change performance a slight bit is the upgrade to the 19-inch wheels that you get with the Tech Package our test car had. We didn't drive a Cadenza without it, but our car rode well over a wide range of surfaces. The Hankook Optimo tires they're shod with have decent, predictable grip otherwise, although they're very vocal.

Settling into a highway cruise, you'll find the Cadenza is in its element and supremely quiet; there's not any wind noise to speak of, and only the faintest hum of road noise on one of the coarsest stretches of highway we could think of-all without the foolery of active noise insulation.

All Cadenzas have leather upholstery, but step up to the Luxury Package and you get ventilated Nappa leather, with heated rear seats, and even a thigh extension for the driver's seat-adding comfort on those longer highway hauls. Overhead, this package also gets you a twin-panel panoramic roof, which brightens the interior and looks great from the outside but unfortunately really limits headroom in back. There are two scooped out ares for the outboard rear occupants' heads, but you'll be locked into a slightly slouched position.

Students turn junk into light at solar lamp design contest

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Using junk material such as coconut shells, discarded telephone instruments, and wooden boxes students of engineering colleges in Tamil Nadu have shown how it is possible to make solar lamps for just around Rs 300.

As many as 65 teams from 20 institutions participated in an inter-collegiate solar lamp design contest organised jointly by The Solarillion Initiative, a branch of the prestigious IEEE and the online renewable energy newsletter, Panchabuta.

The competition was held after a work shop organised by the three entities to familiarise engineering students with solar energy.

A team from the Chennai-based B. S. Abdur Rahman University won the first prize in the contest; the second and third prizes went to Aalim Muhammed Salegh College of Engineering based in Vellore and Jeppiaar Engineering College. The prizes were given away by the eminent agricultural scientist and Magsaysay award winner, Dr M. S. Swaminathan, at a function held here today at the M. S. Swaminathan Research Foundation.

The solar lamps displayed at the event showed how the lamps could be made from even junk material as long as you have the three major elements of a solar lamp - solar panel, batteries and LED lights.

Speaking at the function, Dr Swaminathan called for an Integrated Energy Security Policy with emphasis on renewable energy and with particular focus on solar energy. He said it was important that the students community realised the importance of solar energy.

Vineeth Vijayaraghavan, Founder-Editor, Panchabuta, said that the organisers would take the workshop-competition events to other parts of Tamil Nadu in the coming months, in deference to the demand by various colleges and universities.

Ramesh Rajesh, Co-Founder of The Solarillion Initiative, said that the not-for-profit initiative focused on solar education, research, capacity building and social projects that aimed to reach out to millions of college students in five years.

The state will begin the improvements in spring 2014 and plan to have the work completed by that fall, DOT officials told the Riverhead Town Board during its work session Thursday morning.

Sidewalks on both sides of Main Street from Union to Griffing avenues will be repaired or replaced, old trees will be removed and replaced with "columnar" varieties that won't block lights or signs, and new street lights will be installed, DOT officials said. The state will also build new sidewalks where none currently exist on the north side of West Main Street west to Tanger Outlets.

All sidewalks and intersections will be compliant with the requirements of the Americans with Disabilities Act, said DOT engineer and assistant to the regional director Patricia Audinot.

Supervisor Sean Walter said the town has been waiting a long time for these improvements and he was disappointed that they wouldn't begin until 2014.

LED street lights will have to wait

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It doesn't yet pay to replace old high-pressure sodium street lights with high efficient light-emitting diode fixtures, although the numbers are changing fast.

A two-year Maple Ridge pilot project examined the costs and benefits of 24 new LED street lights installed at the corner of Abernethy Way and 224th Street. It found that the lights would actually cost the district $23,894 more over 20 years than the orange sodium lights.

That's because the $48,000 capital cost of the LEDs far exceeded the $4,800 cost of the old high-pressure models. The cost-benefit of LED lights is not quite there yet, but it's getting close, public works general manager Frank Quinn told council.

And that doesn't mean Maple Ridge is giving up on the new technology. LED lights continue to drop in price, to less than half of what they were two years ago.

The district will monitor the trends as the technology improves and prices drop, while it will encourage B.C. Hydro to retrofit its own street lights - which make up about a third of those in Maple Ridge.

Two recommended projects would be a test LED streetlight project in a neighbourhood area, possibly with participation from a business partner, as well as test retrofitting of existing street lights.

When compared to the old HPS lights, which use 188 watts of electricity, the new LED use only 129 watts. Maple Ridge pays $3.52 a month for the electricity used by each street light.

The pilot project found that the 24 LED street lights on Abernethy Way would save Maple Ridge $9,366 in power costs over 20 years.

However, when a manufacturer's discount and a grant Maple Ridge received are figured into the analysis, the district would save $16,000 over two decades. Coun. Mike Morden asked if cellphone companies could pay for LED light fixtures, if combined with cell towers.

And what about solar-powered street lights, if such technology exists? But sustainability manager Laura Benson said LED lights are so efficient they wouldn't need solar power.

Research technician Alexandra Tudose said in a report that LED lights will be mandatory in Nova Scotia by 2019 because of the high cost of electricity in that province.

Historically, LED MR16 solutions provided only directional light, making it impossible for them to fully illuminate and enhance decorative glasswork in light fixtures. Uniquely designed and patented with LEDs in the front and the rear of the lamp, the TerraLUX Decorative MR16 LED Lamp produces high quality (96 CRI) and warm light (3000k) that is ideal for use in high-end lighting fixtures that are commonly found in restaurants, bars and in specialty glass scones and hanging pendants.

"Lighting Design Lab is a highly respected organization that our customers in the Northwest look to for guidance and expertise on energy efficient technologies available in their area," said TerraLUX's Anthony Catalano, Chief Technical Officer and inventor of the unique patented technology. "We are honored to have the Decorative MR16 Lamp recognized by Lighting Design Lab as a lighting solution their clients should consider for their decorative fixture retrofit projects."

New Technology Inspires a Rethinking of Light

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AFTER the joy of the birth itself, parenthood sometimes brings the unwelcome news that a newborn has jaundice and must wear goggles and be placed under special lights. Imagine how different this experience might be if there were no goggles, just a warm blanket covering the tiny body, a healing frequency of blue light emanating from its folds.

That comforting scene, already a reality in some hospitals, is evidence of the fundamental rethinking of lighting now under way in research labs, executive offices and investor conferences. Digital revolutionaries have Edison's 130-year-old industry, and its $100 billion in worldwide revenue, in their sights. Color, control and function are all being reassessed, and new players have emerged like a wave of Silicon Valley start-ups.

"This is the move from the last industrial-age analog technology to a digital technology," said Fred Maxik, the chief technology officer with the Lighting Science Group Corporation, one of many newer players in the field.

The efforts start with energy efficiency and cost savings but go far beyond replacing inefficient incandescent bulbs. Light's potential to heal, soothe, invigorate or safeguard people is being exploited to introduce products like the blanket, versions of which are offered by General Electric and in development at Philips, the Dutch electronics giant.

Innovations on the horizon range from smart lampposts that can sense gas hazards to lights harnessed for office productivity or even to cure jet lag. Digital lighting based on light-emitting diodes - LEDs - offers the opportunity to flit beams delicately across stages like the San Francisco-Oakland Bay Bridge - creating a light sculpture more elegant than the garish marketers' light shows on display in Times Square, Piccadilly Circus and the Shibuya district in Tokyo.

"Up till now we only thought - do I have enough light to see, to clean my room, to cut a diamond?" said Ed Crawford, a senior vice president of Philips Lighting Americas. "Now it impacts what I do, how I feel, in emotional ways."

In the United States, lighting consumes more than 20 percent of electric power generated each year; the Energy Department says LEDs can cut consumption by up to 80 percent. LEDs - also called solid-state lighting - are already a $12.5 billion business worldwide, according to analysts at the research firm Strategies Unlimited in Mountain View, Calif. A 2012 McKinsey report estimates LEDs will be an $84 billion business by 2020.

But there is an obstacle or two facing the LED revolutionaries. One is existing modes of lighting: Edison's screw-based socket, the office's fluorescent ceiling tubes, and metal halide or sodium lights in parking lots are not going away anytime soon.

Another hurdle is public wariness after the environmental exhortations of the 2000s, which led to much-disputed federal legislation to phase out the old incandescents, often in favor of compact fluorescent bulbs. In pursuing their goals, advocates played down problems like the harshness of fluorescent light, and difficulties with dimming the bulbs and dealing with the toxic mercury they contain. Now, some lighting scientists say, both consumers and investors are leery of buying into something they suspect might be substandard.

NOCQUA Adventure Gear Launches at Carolina Cup

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Thanks to a brand new product, paddlers and other watersport enthusiasts will now have the opportunity to experience their favorite sports in a whole new light. NOCQUA Adventure Gear will launch at this year's Carolina Cup stand up paddleboard (SUP) competition in Wrightsville Beach , N.C. on April 25-28. The multi-purpose LED lighting system by I-Lumenate attaches to a stand up paddleboard, kayak or canoe and allows paddlers to explore the excitement of being on the water at night.

The flexible and adjustable lighting systems will be available for purchase and demo at the Carolina Cup event for the first time. The RECON system includes two waterproof LED lighting tracks, an adjustable harness, a 12V lithium ion rechargeable battery pack and battery charger. The durable underwater lights produce more than 2,000 lumens of light and are easily attachable and removable, utilizing two adjustable straps. Additional night paddling accessories will also be available for purchase throughout the weekend at the NOCQUA Adventure Gear booth.

Along with its product launch, NOCQUA Adventure Gear will lead a night paddle on Friday, April 26 at 8:30 p.m. on the sound side of the Blockade Runner to give select Carolina Cup competitors and media the exclusive opportunity to test the product for the first time. The equipment allows paddlers to experience the water like never before.

"NOCQUA Adventure Gear is a game changing product for paddlers," said Billy Rossini inventor and co-founder. "With the help of our advanced lighting system, paddlers can explore the water in an entirely new way. We're very excited about what night paddling has to offer the world of watersports."

As the fastest growing watersport, SUP is a popular way to stay fit and spend time with friends and family on the water. A total core and cardiovascular workout, SUP is an effective form of exercise that works the entire body. From paddle yoga to races like Carolina Cup, SUP is a fan favorite across all age groups and skill levels and is growing in popularity worldwide.

Carolina Cup will be held at Wrightsville Beach from April 25-28 and is known as the East Coast's largest SUP race. With more than 500 paddlers committed to compete in this year's event, including some of the best paddlers in the world, NOCQUA Adventure Gear is set to launch at the first major paddleboard event of the season.

The RECON system can be ordered online at a price of $399.99. For more information about the revolutionary NOCQUA Adventure Gear product line and technology, visit the product's website or plan a trip to Carolina Cup to experience night paddling firsthand.

Experience being on the water in a new light with NOCQUA Adventure Gear by I-Lumenate, the most innovative lighting product company in the world. Headquartered in Cornelius , N.C. , NOCQUA Adventure Gear is a flexible and adjustable LED lighting system that attaches to SUP, kayaks, canoes and more.

Volta Racer solar-powered toy car

23. dubna 2013 v 5:17 Led ceiling light
While there are already a number of solar-powered model cars on the market, Toylabs' new Volta Racer is unique in a couple of ways - you put it together yourself, and it incorporates a flexible polycrystalline silicon solar panel. Although my days of playing with toy cars are behind me (sort of), my days of tinkering with things aren't, so I decided to check out one of the sun-powered autos for myself.

Given that the Volta Racer is aimed at children six years old and up, who will doubtless be receiving some help from their parents, I found that the difficulty level of assembly was just about right. It took me perhaps 20 minutes to put mine together. The instructions are clear and straightforward, and no tools or wiring skills are required.

Upon looking at the completed car, the feeling you get sits nicely at "Look what I made," instead of veering towards "How dumb do they think I am?" or "These guys don't realize that most people aren't engineers."

Using the Volta Racer is simple. You just clamp the motor's two clips onto the solar panel's positive and negative terminals, take it out into the sunlight, and set it on the ground. As gravity causes its body to sag down slightly, the motor's gear spindle engages the top of one of the back wheels, and away it goes.

The car is not remotely controlled, so it will just keep traveling in a straight line until something blocks its path. If you don't want to run after it, you can set its front axle at an angle, causing it to go around in circles. Whatever you do, you should be ready to answer questions from curious passers-by - I discovered that the car's "solar-powered vehicle" look really piqued some peoples' interest.

In its initial configuration, it doesn't go much faster than an easy walking pace. Users can set it to a slightly higher speed, however, by moving the motor to the other rear wheel and adding a plastic cap to the motor's gear - this increases its circumference, making it quite literally a "bigger gear." While this does increase the car's speed, you can still keep up with it at a brisk walk.

According to the instructions, the higher torque of the car's low-speed setting allows it to do some limited off-roading. That may be true under just the right conditions, although I found that mine really only performed well on smooth roads or sidewalks. When I tried it on gravel or short grass, it was usually only a matter of a few seconds before its single drive wheel would lose contact with the ground, and thus lose traction.

With its skinny foam wheels, bamboo axles and plastic-straw connecting rods, the Volta Racer probably isn't going to stand up to years of abuse. At just US$25, however, it's definitely a fun and inexpensive way of teaching kids about what can be done using solar power - and of getting them to say "Look what I made."

Electric generator sales are on the rise

22. dubna 2013 v 5:03 LED downlight
With news about future power cuts mounting and rumors of three- and four-hour-long power cuts in Cairo this summer, electric generator sales are increasing by the minute. Places such as Attaba and Souq al-Sabtia are crowded with anxious buyers looking for the best deals.

Electricity expert Hefzy Zayed said in an interview with ONtv satellite channel this month that poor maintenance of power plans and the lack of liquidity to buy raw materials for the plants has caused the electricity shortage.

Zayed said electricity cuts may occur across the country for up to two hours a day, and some predict rural areas will experiences power cuts lasting four to six hours.

Unsurprisingly, many families are now purchasing generators.

An electric generator converts mechanical energy to electrical energy, forcing electric currents to flow through an external circuit. Whatever is hooked up to a generator will last for a few hours after the power is cut, but appliances turn off before the generator power turns them on again.

Before the increase in power cuts, generators were sought by hospitals, factories and hotels - places that stand to lose lives, or large amounts of money, from loss of power.

The busy Gomhurriya and Naguib al-Rihany streets in Attaba are experiencing a new wave of well-off buyers who are desperately looking for the device.

"A 1,900-watt generator will run the lighting system of a small apartment, a fridge and a small fan, and costs LE2,600," says Mohamed Samir, a store owner on Gomhurriya Street.

Amin thinks the solution for the country's energy problems is to increase diesel prices, eliminate the black market and end smuggling.

"The country is collapsing, and both electricity and diesel are commodities that are largely stolen and smuggled," he says.

Mai Khaled, a housewife, says she thinks a little planning will pull her family through the summer.

"We have yet to purchase a generator," she says, explaining that her building has emergency lights and they can cope with heat by taking showers - the only fear is losing refrigerated and frozen food. "I want to buy surge protectors for my fridge so it doesn't burn out, but a generator is excessive."

Of course, the vast majority of the population cannot afford generators. Emergency lights, flashlights and gas lamps may be a more affordable rescue plan during power cuts, and the realization of this demand has led to an increase in lamp and candle prices in poor and rural areas around the country.

As summer approaches and the temperature steadily increases, the need to solve the electricity problem becomes more presing. Whether it's an automatic Honda generator or a gas lamp, Egyptian households are hoping to arm themselves with the necessary equipment.

Re-evaluate your home’s eco-footprint this Earth Day

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You recycle your plastics, separate organics from trash and use eco-friendly cleaners, yet your home's energy bill shows you can do more to reduce your consumption and green your living space. Having an eco-friendly home doesn't require a massive remodel to include solar panels and geothermal energy systems; reducing your home's environmental footprint can begin with smaller steps.

Find air leaks with an energy audit: The best thing homeowners can do to increase a home's energy efficiency is to control air leakage, says Roy Nandram, owner of RND Construction and a green building advocate. "Air leakage is accountable for 30 per cent of the energy loss from your house." An energy audit costs a few hundred dollars, but Nandram says finding those leaks and blocking them can reduce your energy bill by 25 per cent or more.

Insulate the attic: "One of the cheapest ways to increase your home's energy efficiency is to add insulation to your attic," says Nandram. Beefing up attic insulation is inexpensive, non-destructive and can significantly improve your home's energy waste. Bungalows stand to benefit the most.

"In a typical bungalow, your largest surface is your ceiling," says Nandram. Trapping heat indoors by adding a few inches of insulation can have a huge impact in terms of lowering energy consumption.

Stop contamination of indoor air: "We spend so much time inside, so not bringing things into the house that off-gas is important to maintaining a clean air space," says Ross Elliott, owner of Homesol Building Solutions. Shop for a low- or no-VOC paint (VOC stands for volatile organic compounds), throw out mouldy carpets, get rid of air fresheners and toxic cleaners that contaminate air space and avoid buying furniture made of particle board that off-gases formaldehyde into your air space.

Get a built-in vacuum: Although vacuum cleaners may be marketed as able to pick up 99.9 per cent of dust and trash, Elliott says that remaining 0.1 per cent "that goes flying through the air is the finest dust that gathers on furniture and gets into your lungs." He recommends swapping your upright vacuum and broom for a central vacuuming system. "I think they're one of the most important things you can do for your air quality."

Brighten up with LED lights: Although more expensive than compact fluorescent bulbs, Elliott says LED lights will last forever. "If you put in an LED light, you'll never have to change that light in your lifetime." Plus, you won't have to worry about disposing of mercury-containing compact fluorescents.

Eliminate phantom energy: Even though you aren't using them, your appliances, chargers and television are sucking energy from your home. Elliott says the biggest culprits of phantom energy are cable and satellite boxes. "Those things sit there 24 hours a day sucking energy," he says. Install a power bar with a timer that will give your box a break from midnight until 7 a.m. when you're not watching television.

Replace ceramic tile: Cork isn't only for wine bottles. Cork flooring is more sustainable and warmer than ceramic tile, helping to trap heat inside your home and reduce your energy consumption. Made from the bark of trees, cork flooring is relatively new to Canada but has been used in Europe for hundreds of years.

"Cork is such a great sustainable option," says Tosh Serafini, whose store, The Healthiest Home, custom stains cork flooring in a variety of colours. Using a natural oil finish makes the project even more organic and sustainable, although the floor will need to be re-oiled every three years.

Goodwill stores

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Goodwill's corporate colors are blue and white, but the nonprofit agency can include green in its color palette.

Darin Postlewait, Goodwill's facilities director, said the organization worked for a year on ways to provide clean air, reduce waste and better use resources.

"It makes us more aware, and we're giving back to the environment by trying to be more sustainable," Postlewait said. "It's our way of giving back and moving forward, seeing as our green initiative goes along with Goodwill's renewal theme."

"This is a self-certification program, so we provide companies with a list of the 100 best practices, which they use to evaluate their operations," Giovannitti said. Clients "not only use it for evaluations but as a strategic tool to plan ongoing improvements," he said.

Goodwill's Class-G rating across 43 locations is a remarkable feat, Giovannitti said.

"They are the only nonprofit we serve who has been willing to embrace sustainability," he said. "They're not only using it in all their locations, they're also preparing and developing plans for continuous improvements."

Class-G typically charges $700 per building for its plan but negotiated a rate with Goodwill, Giovannitti said. He did not specify how much Goodwill paid for the plan.

Each of Goodwill's buildings displays a Class-G rating plaque with quick response code, a type of barcode that can be scanned with a smartphone to give specifics about the building's sustainability features, said Robert Stape, vice president of retail at Goodwill.

"Class-G ratings give us an outside way to gauge how we're doing by looking at our carbon footprint," Stape said. "We're using this internally as a way to show being green is important, and as an awareness campaign."

Postlewait said he hopes Goodwill's efforts to become environmentally friendly and sustainable make an impression on its employees' lives.

"Once our employees get used to it, they can buy into it and hopefully take it back to their individual homes," Postlewait said.

The program focuses on simple, common-sense ways to promote a healthy, energy-efficient and sustainable lifestyle, such as remembering to turn off lights, using sensors to regulate indoor and outdoor lighting, shutting doors and using rugs to contain dust and other air contaminants in some areas, Stape said.

Since Goodwill began working to earn a Class-G rating, its utility costs have decreased, Stape said, though he would not say how much.

Goodwill spokesman David Tobiczyk said the Class-G rating gave the organization an opportunity to examine its operations.

"Being environmentally friendly has always been important at Goodwill, since we're pioneers in the field of repurposing," Tobiczyk said. "We wanted to do something to maintain our sustainable practices on a larger scale, so we could focus more of our resources on our mission of giving back."

Last year, Goodwill of Southwestern Pennsylvania provided services to 65,344 people though community outreach programs and its job services program, PA CareerLink. The organization sold or recycled 13,635 tons of donated items, according to its annual report.

Saving Money with New LED Technology

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Happy clucking can be heard all around. Until warm light illuminates the houses half an hour later. This light does not come from standard 40 watt light bulbs but is provided by high-quality LED lamps. A special dimmer which ensures that the birds are not stressed and does not interfere with other technologies used in the poultry house is included.

Farmer Bockhorst replaced his light bulbs about a year ago. The old power-guzzling bulbs had to yield and make room for low-energy LED bulbs. One lamp costs more than 20 euros, but the new technology has a significantly longer service life and saves a lot of energy. Bockhorst has amortised his investment after one year already. He spent 4,000 euros on the new lamps - and saved nearly the exact same amount in energy costs up to today. After this first year, he will thus save 4,000 euros annually, increases in the price for electricity not included.

The change-over from old to new required less effort than Bockhorst had expected. "I replaced all light bulbs myself," reported the 42-year-old farmer. Naturally, the high-quality LED bulbs fit the standard threads for electric lamps used in the poultry house. Big Dutchman supported Bockhorst during the installation of the centrepiece of the new system.

This centrepiece is the dimmer. Without this dimmer, the whole system would not work. Farmer Bockhorst would not save nearly as much money without it. The module is installed in the service room of each house and connected to the farm computer. The computer controls the dimmer and indicates when and with which intensity the lights should be on.

Big Dutchman only sells the LED technology with the dimmer developed in the company's headquarters in Calveslage. Compared to simpler devices, the Big Dutchman dimmer does not create any flickering so that the animals stay very calm, explains product manager Nils Neugebauer. His team put a lot of effort into the development of the dimmer to ensure that the device does not blow fuses by error or cause PC crashes - a common problem with standard dimmers.

Sold on their own, the controllers are compatible with Macs or PCs and use infrared LED lights and a set of cameras to track hand motions and movements to operate computers. The units will sell for $80 a pop when they hit the market next month.

And though these new controllers may be seen as a saving move for the computer industry - (And uum, Windows 8 anyone?) - I'm thinking it would be much cooler to ditch the 3-inch-long devices and integrate the technology into tablets and smartphones. Let personal computers join the typewriters they killed off.

By the way, setting up LED lights and small cameras in front of your computer and waving around your hands while swiping and moving your fingers does not work as well as the devices themselves. It just records you looking like a goof.

Sanan financial report scandal stirs subsidy controversy

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China-based LED industry leader Sanan Optoelectronics has been accused of falsifying financial reports, according to China-based media. This has sparked a debate concerning what critics say is the China government's excessive support for the country's LED industry. Some reports from China-based media claim that half of Sanan's profits have come from government projects, and it has concealed related-party transactions. Sanan has denied the accusations.

Sanan has obtained LED street lamp projects worth a total CNY2.65 billion from municipal governments in Wuhu, Huainan, and Quanzhou. However, Sanan's LED street lamp prices were three times higher than the market price. Sanan admitted that the firm procured LED street lamps from Xiamen Xindeco Optoelectronics and the contract did not go through the open bid procedure. However, the firm claimed that it had superior high-power LED technologies, and hence the price difference was normal. The firm further stated its product outsourcing was compliant with the law.

Nevertheless, the contract between Xindeco Optoelectronics and Sanan has come under scrutiny because of the shareholding relationships between the two sides. Sanan recently noted that Xiamen Xindeco, the parent company of Xindeco Optoelectronics, owns a 10% stake in Sanan's parent company, Xiamen Sanan Electronics, and hence indirectly owns 3.5% of Sanan Optoelectronics. Due to the low share ownership, according to Sanan, Xiamen Xindeco does not have influence over corporate decisions in Sanan, and hence should not be considered as related enterprises. The explanation has failed to dispel allegations arising from the cooperation between Xindeco Optoelectronics and Sanan Optoelectronics.

Since 2009, Xindeco Optoelectronics has been the biggest LED chip customer of Sanan Optoelectronics. The complexity of the relationship has fueled allegations of related-party transactions between the two firms.

Sanan Optoelectronics began listing on China's stock market in July 2007. Although the firm's profits grew 15 fold from 2008-2012 and has become the industry leader in the country, sources noted that Sanan has obtained close to CNY3 billion in subsidies from the government. Recently, Sanan obtained CNY5 billion of loans on favorable terms from China-based banks. Sanan has sufficient financial capital and has been using low prices to engage in pricing competition against Taiwan-based firms. This has been marginalizing smaller firms with lower capacity and driving the LED chip market into oversupply.

Taiwan-based LED firms believe the controversy over Sanan's financial reports is just the tip of an iceberg of the unfair industrial competition in China. Sanan reported 2012 revenues of CNY3.3 billion, accounting for nearly 40% of China's entire LED chip output value. If China is to achieve the goal of more than 80% of LED chips being made domestically by 2015, then Sanan is a very important player, said Taiwan-based firms. However, the recent allegations against Sanan might curb the over-subsidization by the local governments in China, added the firms.

The financial and creditability problems of Sanan may also affect Taiwan-based firms. On November 13, 2012, Taiwan-based LED chipmaker Formosa Epitaxy announced that Sanan would acquire its shares through private placements. The total investment amount would not exceed NT$2.352 billion (US$78 million) because of Taiwan regulations. The deal is currently under government review.

The rapid rise of Sanan and China-based LED chipmakers caused Taiwan-based peers to report net losses in 2012. Some market observers noted that Taiwan-based LED firms may regain foothold thanks to the Sanan scandal.

Consumers warm to LED bulbs as prices fall

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If consumers are willing to spend $5 for a cup of coffee, how about paying $25 for a light bulb? An LED version of the 60-watt bulb just broke $13.

"They're getting to a point where more people are willing to splurge," he said.

Thanks to subsidies from utilities, improved quality and lower manufacturing costs, sales are expected to rise significantly this year, Connors said.

Part of the shift is by default. Since last year, incandescent bulbs are being phased out.

The 75-watt and 100-watt bulbs are no longer being manufactured, and the 40- and 60-watters will be eliminated next year.

Although retailers can still sell the bulbs if they have supplies, most retailers are now stocking halogens, compact fluorescents and LEDs, with only a few incandescent choices.

Although some might say LEDs are selling for lack of a better option, Connors thinks demand for LED will double this year for a different reason: the availability of cheaper, better bulbs.

Early adopters who were initially disappointed can now find mercury-free bulbs that do what incandescents do well: reach maximum brightness immediately and have the capability to be used with dimmers, motion detectors and enclosed fixtures.

Although today's prices are a big plunge from $70 for a bulb in 2009, they still seem exorbitant for people used to paying 50 cents for an incandescent. But a 60-watt LED bulb that costs $13 pays for itself in about two years.

Assuming use of three hours a day, an incandescent burns about $7 in electricity per year, an LED $1 per year, said Mike Watson, vice president of marketing at Cree Inc., an LED manufacturer in North Carolina.

People used to choosing by wattage alone now have to look at lumens for brightness and kelvins for color. Consumers have to read labels now, said Kim Sherman, senior product portfolio manager at Xcel Energy.

The lack of consistency in size or shape makes it difficult for consumers to easily pick out the bulb they want. Besides 400 or 800 lumens and 2,700 or 4,000 kelvins, they have to read the label for a bulb's ability to be dimmed or used in an enclosed fixture.

Consumers who want to replicate the features from an incandescent or halogen with an LED bulb often need assistance, Connors said. Dimmability is a big issue.

Most high-quality LEDs will dim without problems, but some bulbs work best with certain brands of dimmers. "The consumer's best bet is to keep the packaging and the receipt, test it and return it if it doesn't meet expectations," Connors said.

Even an LED's size and shape can cause problems. Many of the original recessed LED spotlights and floodlights didn't fit existing openings. Cree changed the shape of its new A19 bulb to the classic incandescent.

Some are avoiding LEDs because of bad experiences with compact fluorescents, or CFLs. Manufacturers got it right this time, Connors said. LED bulbs are rugged compared with incandescents and CFLs.

Sharing Light hopes to share cash

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Tenpa Dorjee isn't seeking to raise money for strangers with his charity project in Laguna Beach. The Indian monastery that will benefit from the campaign has a human face attached to it - one that Dorjee believes he's seen in multiple forms.

On April 18, the Laguna Beach Film Society will screen the 2003 drama "Travellers and Magicians," the first feature film shot in the Asian country of Bhutan. Dorjee, the owner of Tibet Handicrafts in Laguna, is in charge of selling 100 tickets for the show. All proceeds will go toward the religious education of a boy who lives in Dorjee's home village, and who, according to Dorjee, is believed to be the reincarnation of a recently deceased Buddhist master.

Earlier this year, Dorjee's grass-roots campaign, known as Sharing Light, raised $10,000 in Laguna to fund solar lighting in the village. For the film society fundraiser, the group has a much more specific goal.

"Any money we raise from the movie, we want to put aside," said Dorjee, who lives in Anaheim and opened his shop in Laguna in 2010.

Some of the "Travellers" tickets are available in Tibet Handicrafts at 384 Forest Ave.; Dorjee has put a poster and fliers around the store and informs customers when they walk in. He'll have another opportunity before the screening to give a plug: Saturday at 6:30 p.m., Sharing Light will host a community dinner nearby at the Neighborhood Congregational Church, which includes a short presentation about the solar project.

Film society chair George Weiss, who favors eclectic programs, chose "Travellers" in part because he thought it might appeal to the local Buddhist crowd and in part because it has a Southern California connection - cinematographer Alan Kozlowski, a Santa Monica resident, will be in attendance at the screening to introduce the film.

Adding a charity element to the event, Weiss said, was a bonus.

"I've got 350 seats to fill," he said. "So I'm thinking, 'Why not have a local organization sell tickets to these films if they can and raise money for a good cause?'"

"Travellers," which won the Emerging Director Award at the Asian American International Film Festival in 2004, tells the story of a young government official who dreams of escaping his job in a remote rural village and seeking a headier life in America. As he hitchhikes away, a yarn about another restless young man told by a fellow traveler - a monk - leads the official to question the wisdom of his trip.

According to Kozlowski, the making of the film was a trek in itself: The filmmakers used aspiring Bhutanese filmmakers as trainees, per the request of the country's royal family, while director Khyentse Norbu often paused production for Buddhist ceremonies. All the actors in the film were local non-professionals, which led to a tricky situation at least once.

LED Engin launches phosphor LEDs

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The application demands high CRI in daylight colour temperatures to make people look natural under artificial light. This is normally achieved using high intensity discharge (HID) arc lamps.

However, such lamps are bulky, run very hot and need high electrical voltages from which to operate, creating potential health and fire hazards. They also suffer from deteriorating performance with age. LED Engin says its Studio White emitters allow lighting designers to create fixtures that are smaller, lighter, deliver consistent performance over time, do not get excessively hot and run from safe, low voltages.

They feature a daylight colour temperature of 5300K, a colour rendering index (CRI) of greater than 85 and R9 red content of 50 which results in natural rendering of skin tones and other colours. The firm says standard daylight white LED emitters do not match this performance.

The Studio White emitters come in a range of package sizes for different power ratings from 10W to 80W, delivering between 600 and 4400 lumens output. The emitters, based on the company's LuxiGen technology platform, have the lowest thermal resistance per footprint for reliable, high flux density designs in a sleek, small form factor.

LED Engin also offers a complementary range of total internal reflection (TIR) lenses ranging from 9° narrow spot to 50° wide flood beam versions. The compact emitter/ lens combination produces uniform lighting on the target area, smooth beam profiles and minimises light outside the target area, reducing unwanted glare compared to HID and larger LED array solutions.

David Tahmassebi, President and CEO of LED Engin, comments, "Our Studio White emitters meet the specific colour temperature and colour quality requirements of general studio lighting to fulfil a need that cannot be met with standard daylight white LEDs. These new emitters deliver best-in-class flux and colour stability over time thanks to our technically advanced LuxiGen platform."

LED Engin's colour offerings consist of red, deep red, far red, green, blue, amber, dental blue and white in the visible range and ultra violet (365nm and 400nm) and infrared (850nm) in the non-visible range.

Whether you are looking for a way to draw attention and captivate your audience at a tradeshow, special event, or in a permanent environment, these FORMulated and tension fabric architectural structures are designed to impress.

Versatile Formulate Funnels transform any environment through form, fabric and lighting. Formulate Funnels have an hourglass shape, come in 20ft, 16ft and 12ft heights and have 8ft diameters at the top and 3ft diameters at the bottom. Funnels feature a heavy-duty, wooden base and silver powder coated truss interior to create a dynamic, towering structure that commands attention. Fabric graphics feature a zipper at the top and a silicone edge at the bottom for easy assembly. Accent LED light kits are not included, but can be purchased a la carte to add a glow within the funnel structures. Custom sizes also available.

Mix and match the Formulate line of towers to add architecture and drama to any event or interior space. Cylinder-shaped and Rectangular-shaped towers come in 12ft, 10ft and 8ft heights and 3ft square/diameters at the tops and bottoms. They combine the latest developments in fabric printed technology with aluminum tube frames to add dimension, decor and sculpture to any event, stage set, tradeshow booth or interior space. Formulate towers accommodate internal LED lighting. Accent LED light kits are not included,but can be purchased a la carte to add a glow within the structures.
Custom sizes also available.

Audience joins Under the Streetlamp at Strathmore

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Audiences at Strathmore will have a chance to revisit that simpler time Saturday night when Under the Streetlamp performs in a doo-wop-inspired concert.

Named for the spot where doo-wop singers in urban communities would gather to make music, Under the Streetlamp was formed in 2009. Cunio, Ingersoll, Jones and Wiley are all former members of the Chicago cast of the Broadway hit, "Jersey Boys." After their respective shows wrapped, all four men wanted to continue singing the sounds of doo-wop, Motown and old time rock 'n' roll.

After starring in Chicago's first national tour of the musical from 2006 to 2010, which reveals the story behind the music of Frankie Valli and The Four Seasons, Ingersoll started performing a cabaret show on his own in the Chicagoland area. Soon, he convinced some of his fellow "Jersey Boys" alumnus to join him for a few numbers toward the end of his show.

"Eventually, the show was less about me and more about the four of us," Ingersoll said." ... We became really great friends and we wanted to keep doing that," added Wiley.

After gaining some exposure in the Chicago area and filming a PBS special which aired last year, Under the Streetlamp is now touring the country.

Though now out on their own, the guys of Under the Streetlamp all said they owe their success as a group to "Jersey Boys," the show that gave them a start.

"My career can basically be defined pre-'Jersey Boys' and post-'Jersey Boys,'" Ingersoll said. "It provided the foundation for the music 'Streetlamp' would make."

While the music Streetlamp makes is certainly an ode to the era of doo-wop, it's also heavily influenced by the diverse musical backgrounds of its four members.

"We all have these stories and these experiences ... because of those experiences, we're able to pull songs from different things," Wiley said. "We're four completely different performers from completely different backgrounds ... I'll always have to probably put my tap shoes on and do a number like that."

Wiley grew up in Adrian, Mich., and said it was his father, a dancer, who first introduced him to old movie musicals.

" ... We watched them together," Wiley said. "While most fathers and sons were talking sports, my father and I were talking dance."

Cunio's early training was primarily in singing. The Seattle native was a member of the prestigious Northwest Boys Choir which he said is "responsible for handing [him] the keys to [his] career."

"That's where everything traces back to," Cunio said. "That really not only instilled a deep love for music, but it was really all about the discipline."

While musical training started early for both Wiley and Cunio, Ingersoll said it wasn't until high school that he began doing musical theater.

" ... I kind of came about this late," Ingersoll said. "[I] got into theater and choir late in my high school career."

Unlike his band mates who all grew up in the Midwest, Jones was born and raised in Hawaii. Growing up, the Northwestern University graduate also had quite an eclectic taste in music.

"I remember growing up listening to Aretha Franklin and the soundtrack to 'Camelot' back to back," Jones said.

Each member of Under the Streetlamp may hail from very different musical backgrounds, but one thing all four men had in common was the important role community played in their introduction to the arts.

Trends Electronics Announces Second Annual Tech Tour

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Five cities in five days. That's what on the schedule of Trends Electronics International Inc., as it conducts its second annual Tech Tour during the week of April 22. Explains Mike Chorney, Director of Sales and Marketing for Trends Electronics: "The tech tour is designed to show dealers new market segments with higher ASP and gross profit opportunities."

The first stop for the North Vancouver-based distributor of custom home and car AV products is Monday, at Hotel Ruby Foo's on boul. Decarie in Montreal. On Tuesday, the tour moves onto the Alt Hotel Pearson on Viscount Rd. in Mississauga, ON, around the corner from Pearson International Airport. The next stop, on the next day, is the Sandman Inn on Hopewell Way NE in Calgary. The Cove Lakeside Resort in Kelowna, BC hosts the tour on Thursday, April 25. The tour wraps up the next day at the River Rock Casino on River Road in Richmond BC.

There are two components to the Tech Tour. During the Montreal, Toronto, Calgary and Vancouver stops, there will be accredited Lunch and Learn seminars. Kent Sheldon, Vice President Sales of Dana Innovations (shown at right), and Jeff Harris, a Design Specialist for the company, will speak on integrating technology into homes in a visually appealing manner. Dana Innovations is the parent company of Sonance, Trufig and iPort.

In another session, Glen Harvey, Training and Specification Manager for WyreStorm, will conduct a presentation on video distribution and HDMI, including a discussion on future-proofing installations, and combining local and whole-house AV sources and amplifications. This session will have special relevance for retrofit and commercial applications, Chorney says.

From 2:00 to 8:30pm at all five stops, representatives will be on hand in exhibit rooms to discuss their companies' latest products. Sonance Invisible series speakers, which can hold up to 4mm of material on the front (including Venetian plaster and wallpaper), will be on display and playing music. Sonance Landscape series products (shown at top of story) will be playing in the courtyards. Trufig will switches, controls, outlets and grilles that disappear visually into the installation. iPort/Launchport will show docking products for iOS devices.

JVC will be displaying a 4K2K 3D projector; and Jeff Klida from Primevision screens his company's projection screens. Installer's Choice will have live demos showing how to build a rack in under 90 seconds. Trends' in-house brand iConnect will showcase structured wiring products.

On the 12V side, Audison will show systems for playback of uncompressed high-resolution audio in the car, including systems that are equalized and time-aligned for specific vehicles. Wet Sounds will have LED lighting and tower speakers for marine applications.

Wawasee Assessing Energy Cost Savings

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The bottom line is when a school corporation can save on energy costs, it frees up money that can be used elsewhere.

Especially the last few years, budgets for the Wawasee Community School Corp. have either shrunk or shown very little increase. This has created an urgent need to look for ways to reduce energy costs.

The school corporation has already utilized the services of Performance Services of Indianapolis to implement several energy saving measures throughout the corporation - physically and behaviorally - and recently took another step to reduce energy consumption.

Last week, representatives of Energizing Indiana, as well as NIPSCO, toured Wawasee Middle School to do a thorough energy assessment of the entire building. Joining them and all with WCSC were Bob Lahrman, director of support services; Randy Johnson, energy management supervisor; and Brian Taylor, director of facilities and maintenance.

Energizing Indiana is a united effort by the Indiana Office of Utility Consumer Counselor, participating utilities and consumer organizations to offer comprehensive energy efficiency programs that bring savings to communities statewide. NIPSCO, in partnership with Energizing Indiana, offers a school audit and direct install program.

Schools can submit an application to participate in the program. WMS, originally built in the late 1980s and more than 20 years old, qualified. Last year, after considering having a geothermal system installed at WMS, the school board voted against it.

Doug Munz and Seth Little of Energizing Indiana were assisted by Chris Pieri, school account representative of NIPSCO, for the energy assessment of WMS. For the last several years, many energy saving measures have been implemented at WMS including, among many others, replacing existing hot water heaters with energy efficient ones, installing carbon dioxide sensors in the large areas and replacing most heating coils in existing air handlers.

This summer, an energy management system will be installed to control exhaust fans, motion sensors for hallway lighting will be installed and the air compressor will be removed from the boiler room.

School building energy assessments include, but are not necessarily limited to, the heating, ventilation and air conditioning systems, lighting, kitchen appliances, insulation levels and other building systems. Munz, Little and Pieri noted they were positively impressed by all the energy saving measures already in place, but typically even more can be done. A detailed report will be submitted to the school corporation within the next couple of weeks.

Part of the school energy savings program includes Energizing Indiana installing energy efficient products to include vending machine controllers, compact fluorescent light bulbs, occupancy sensing power strips, lighting occupancy sensors and LED exit signs. Noting most exit signs are already LED at WMS, Little suggested focusing on the vending machines and occupancy sensors, which was agreed upon. The energy saving products are scheduled to be installed Wednesday, Little added.

Police hope spring cleaning reduces crime

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Colorado Springs police from the Sand Creek Division cleaned up trash on Saturday morning as part of an initiative to clean up crime.

CSPD assembled an impact team to focus on crime prevention in the Chelton and Fountain neighorhoods in Colorado Springs. The team met with apartment owners to brainstorm ways to lower crime in the area. The team used a grant to put a dumpster on Mazatlan Circle on Saturday to encourage people to get rid of trash and large items they couldn't afford to throw away at a dump themselves.

"It's an epicenter and it's always been an epicenter so that was the goal of our commander and our chief to figure out the worst place in the city which is right here at Chelton and Fountain," said Sgt. Roger Vargason, a member of the impact team.

There are crime statistics to back Vargason's statement. A 2012 crime statistics map pinpointed murders, assaults and robberies reported in Colorado Springs. The map illustrated the southeast side had a higher concentration of crime than other parts of the city.

Law enforcement walked around Mazatlan Circle picking up trash in the grass. Crews also carried couches and other pieces of furniture neighbors had left out for the dumpster. Some residents showed up with truck beds full of trash.

Officer Loren Zimmerman hoped picking up a little trash would go a long way for the neighborhood.

"Reduce the blight which in turn reduces the bad things that happen, the crime, just make it a little better place to live," said Zimmerman.

"We've been down here for over 20 years and we get it really clean and it comes right back to where it is today," said Vargason. "Hopefully, again, we can get it cleaned up and we can get it moving forward."

Jose Donate brought two truckloads of trash to the dumpster. He was thrilled to see police officers cleaning up the neighborhood and he said neighbors feel the same way.

"People for some reason, they're kind of hostile to police, but this gives them the opportunity to share and they're just like everybody else," said Donate.

Officers hoped the cleanup would make residents more prideful of their neighborhood and more likely to stop or report crime in the future. Vargason said while he doesn't live in the neighborhood, he takes pride in the streets he polices.

"We're also trying to get a hold of the owners of the properties and say, you know, 'this stairwell is unsafe, you need to fix the yards, you need to put fences up.' All of those things that you look at and if I had a child, I wouldn't want my child playing in some of those areas," said Vargason.

The team worked with utilities to get the street lamps fixed. Vargason said almost every light was out on the street because people shot the lamps or threw stones that broke the bulbs. Officers cleaning the neighborhood hope their actions sent a message to the neighborhood.

"That's the partnership here. It's not just the police department coming in here and arresting people. It's us working together to solve the problem," said Vargason.

Kittery rejects trust fund for Memorial Bridge lighting

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That was the message of the Kittery Town Council at a special meeting Monday night to the city of Portsmouth, N.H., over the creation of a trust fund to help illuminate the Memorial Bridge.

The future of the bridge lighting project is now unclear, as City Attorney Robert Sullivan said in a letter to Kittery acting Town Manager Maryann Place that the project "will fail for want of a trust."

The Town Council said that while it supported the illumination project, it would not sign an agreement with the city that, in its view, left open-ended how much taxpayers would fund in the future for the project.

At issue is a trust that would eventually pay for annual operating expenses for the lights as well as replacement of the bulbs - which will be light-emitting diodes, or LED lights, that are highly efficient and are expected to need replacement only every decade or so.

A group of private citizens is raising upward of $200,000 to illuminate the bridge and to pay for the first five years of operating expenses. The trust funds are expected to pay for expenses after that. Those costs were estimated to be between $800 and $1,200 a year.

Portsmouth has already contributed $36,000 to the trust, but because the Memorial Bridge connects the city with Kittery, the town was asked to pay a portion of future costs.

The city approved an agreement in November that would create the trust and would allow funds to be expended at the city manager's written request. Town Councilor Frank Dennett in December suggested changes that would make Kittery an equal partner in expending funds from the trust.

In a strongly worded letter to Place, Sullivan said the city could not accept the "substantive" amendment of giving the town equal voting authority. Sullivan said the Town Council voted on the original trust agreement in November, which Place and councilors dispute. All said they took no formal vote on an agreement.

Moreover, town councilors who spoke Monday said they did not think it was fair for taxpayers to pay into a fund over which they had no control - even if the amount was small.

"If we are sending money to (Portsmouth), how do I explain to the taxpayers that we are sending their money but (Portsmouth) has sole discretion over it?" Dennett asked.

Town Council Chairman George Dow agreed. "I'm not for taking taxpayers' money, even on this worthy project, and have someone else determine how and when it should be used," he said.

Dow said he preferred that the council make a contribution each year to the fund instead of leaving the situation open-ended.

Light bulb efforts have been a waste of energy

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Shining a light on a problem; CFL bulbs are expensive, appear unreliable, die in spectacular fashion and create disposal challenges, Column, March 23

I found myself nodding in agreement as I read Stephen Hume's piece on all the problems with compact fluorescent light (CFL) bulbs.

When they were first introduced, I was enthusiastic about replacing my 60-and 100-watt incandescent bulbs with CFLs that claimed to use one quarter of the power, and last 10 (or more) times as long, while delivering the same amount of light. I ran out and bought about 50 CFLs and scurried around my house replacing perfectly good incandescents with CFLs.

Then, within six months, I found myself replacing dimmed and burned out CFLs (which had survived only a minute fraction of their promised lifespan) with the incandescents that I had removed a short time before.

As a Canadian, I feel that I have been scammed by the manufacturers of those CFLs (Sylvania, GE, Philips, Luminus, Pricemark, etc.), and ripped off by the Harper government that had promoted them, had outlawed incandes-cents, and had collected tax on all of those very expensive CFL bulbs. I have even begun to question their energy-saving claims.

It'll be a while before I run out and buy a bunch of LEDs, or anything else that makes similar assertions - once burned, twice shy.

Olmsted is a junior nanoengineering major at the College of Nanoscale Science and Engineering in Albany, NY. He is among 271 undergraduates nationwide-and the only student from a Capital Region college-to receive one of this year's scholarships.

The scholarship awards him $15,000 over the next two years to pursue his research, which involves developing biomedical and synthetic applications for drug testing and new cancer treatments that could eliminate having to rely solely on animal testing. His research earned him an honorable mention in last year's competition.

Olmsted, of Oneida, about 115 miles west of Albany, plans to pursue an MD/Ph.D. in a joint program with the nanoscale college and SUNY Downstate Medical Center.

After that, he'd like to conduct research that integrates biological and synthetic components for tissue engineering at Howard Hughes Medical Institute in Maryland. Janet Paluh, Olmsted's academic adviser, nominated him for the scholarship.

"Zach goes well beyond what other students are doing. In the last two years he's co-authored five pieces of work. Most undergrads are lucky to get one publication," Paluh said.

The 20-year-old is the second nanoscale college student in as many years to earn one of the scholarships. Last year, then-sophomore Sheila Smith of Rensselaer County earned a Goldwater Scholarship for her work studying light-emitting diodes, or LEDs.